Two Types of Money Problems
You can graduate to post-wealth issues.
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A brief note before we get started: I’m out west on an RV trip for the next 8 days, and I also need to take this week to iron out the rest of my book proposal (exciting times!). No Young Money next week, but we’ll be back on schedule afterward.
In 1943, American psychologist Abraham Maslow published his now-famous “Hierarchy of Needs.”
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs illustrates how human needs evolve over time: we must first satisfy our most basic needs, such as shelter, food, and water, before we can grasp higher-level needs, such as affection, self-esteem, and purpose.
The order of this hierarchy is crucial: you can’t address the needs out of order. If you offered a subway beggar career advice, he would look at you like you’re crazy. He doesn’t need a fulfilling career. He needs $10 for food. He couldn’t care less about “fulfilling careers.”
In contrast, the person who is worried about leading a fulfilling career doesn’t have to think twice about spending $10 on a bagel and coffee. It’s pocket change, a rounding error in their bank account.
We only worry about the intrinsic needs after the extrinsic stuff is accounted for.
Our financial well-being works like this too.
Connected to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, there are two types of money problems: problems that can be solved by the presence of money, and problems that only exist in the presence of money.
The former, which we’ll refer to as “Type 1” problems, address the lower ranges of Maslow’s Hierarchy: physiological and security needs. The latter, which we’ll refer to as “Type 2” problems, address the more nuanced parts of our psyche such as self-esteem, achievement, purpose, and reaching our potential.
We’ll focus on Type 1 first.
Type 1 problems are straightforward; think lack of water, food, shelter, and clothing. If you make enough money, those problems disappear.
Safety, at least in a financial sense, is a Type 1 problem as well, because more money in the bank gives you flexibility to meet your physiological needs regardless of life circumstances.
All Type 1 problems can be resolved with more money, but not all money problems are Type 1. If money could solve all money problems, then people with money wouldn’t suffer from financial anxiety. And yet, financial anxiety and wealth often coincide.
Take Alex Lieberman, for example. Alex sold Morning Brew, the newsletter company that he started in college, for >$75M. He openly shares his thoughts about his financial anxiety on Twitter:
Scott Galloway is another example. Scott is an entrepreneur, author, and professor of marketing at NYU. Scott Galloway is also worth well over $100,000,000. In a recent episode of his show, he was asked “When did you first feel financially secure?”
He answered, “I don’t. I passed 9 figures a long time ago, and by any objective measure I’m financially secure, and I have huge financial anxiety.”
So why do people with money still have financial anxiety? Because this anxiety has little to do with material goods. It addresses the final levels of Maslow’s Hierarchy: self-actualization and esteem.
Say you’ve made enough money that you’ll never again worry about food and shelter. Cool. The bottom of your pyramid is taken care of. Now you’ve graduated to a more difficult set of questions:
Is your work fulfilling?
Are you living up to your potential?
Is everything going to come crashing down?
Can you maintain your lifestyle?
Are you underachieving in relation to your peers?
Will you lose your social status if your business fails?
Type 1 problems are static: everyone has a specific amount of money that will take care of their material needs forever. Type 2 problems are dynamic: they continue to adapt to your life circumstances.
Type 1 problems are individualistic: what do I need to survive? Type 2 problems are pluralistic: What are my peers doing better than me?
Material problems don’t just disappear once you have some level of wealth. They get replaced by intrinsic problems.
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